- abdominal hernias
- diaphragmatic hernias and hiatus hernias (for example, Paraesophageal hernia of the stomach)
- pelvic hernias, for example, obturator hernia
- anal hernias
- hernias of the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral discs
- intracranial hernias
- Spigelian hernia
By far the most common hernias (up to 75% of all abdominal hernias) are the so-called inguinal hernias. A. Indirect inguinal hernia (2/3, depicted here), in which the inguinal canal is entered via a congenital weakness at its entrance (the internal inguinal ring),
B. Direct inguinal hernia type (1/3), where the hernia contents push through a weak spot in the back wall of the inguinal canal. Inguinal hernias are the most common type of hernia in both men and women.
In the case of Reducible hernias, a bulge in the groin or in another abdominal area can often be seen and felt. When standing, such a bulge becomes more obvious. Besides the bulge, other symptoms include pain in the groin that may also include a heavy or dragging sensation, and in men, there is sometimes pain and swelling in the scrotum around the testicular area.Irreducible abdominal hernias or incarcerated hernias may be painful, but their most relevant symptom is that they cannot return to the abdominal cavity when pushed in. They may be chronic, although painless, and can lead to strangulation (loss of blood supply) and/or obstruction (kinking of intestine)
- Irreducible: the hernial contents cannot be returned to their normal site with simple manipulation.
2. vertebra hernia in spinal discs Another common hernia involves the spinal discs and causes sciatica.
3. A hiatus hernia occurs when the stomach protrudes into the mediastinum through the esophageal opening in the diaphragm.
1.Symptoms may or may not be present in some inguinal hernias..
2.Hernias may or may not present with either pain at the site,
3. a visible or palpable lump,
4. In some cases more vague symptoms resulting from pressure on an organ which has become "stuck" in the hernia, sometimes leading to organ dysfunction. Fatty tissue usually enters a hernia first, but it may be followed or accompanied by an organ.
Strangulated hernias are always painful and pain is followed by tenderness. Nausea, vomiting, or fever may occur in these cases due to bowel obstruction. Also, the hernia bulge in this case may turn red, purple or dark and pink.
Treatment:each requiring a specific management or treatment.
- Obstruction of any lumen, such as bowel obstruction in intestinal hernias
- Hydrocele of the hernial sac
- Autoimmune problems
- Incarceration, which is where it cannot be reduced, or pushed back into place,at least not without very much external effort. In intestinal hernias, this also substantially increases the risk of bowel obstruction and strangulation.
- HOMEOPATHY Treated Hernia